Remove stains from teeth.
Tooth enamel is a very hard and resistant tissue, but it is also porous. Its structure is such that at times some particles can nest on its surface and create stains.
Stains on teeth are a very common condition, which is mainly due to eating habits and smoking, but there are also other causes.
Nowadays, dentistry has made great strides to improve the appearance of teeth, and treatments to remove stains and reshape teeth are in great demand.
You can also try to remove stains with homemade remedies or with over-the-counter products.
In general, however, it is better to consult your dentist or dental hygienist, because the stains on teeth can be of different types and nature and methods to remove them can cause inflammation or irritation of the gums. Not all stains can be removed in the same way, and teeth might need to be treated before making stains removal.
Dental stain remover. Treatments.
The stains on the teeth can be extrinsic, intrinsic or due to age.
The extrinsic stains are stains on the outer surface of the tooth due to the absorption of the coloured pigments contained in foods and drinks. Substances that stain your teeth are, for example, coffee, tea, wine, berries, curry. Tobacco is another cause of stains, both smoked that chewed.
Treatments for surface stains are, among the others, tooth polishing and scaling, to remove dental plaque and calculus.
Polishing is usually performed with a prophy cup, a small motorised rubber cup, along with an abrasive polishing compound. Scaling may be performed using ultrasonic instruments, which fracture the calculus, as well as hand tools.
Intrinsic stains refer to staining of the dentin, the tissue that lies just below the enamel. This layer has a yellower or darker colour, which can be seen if the enamel wears away due to poor mouth health. Reasons for this type of stains may including exposure to tetracycline antibiotics during childhood or physical trauma.
Best way to remove stains from teeth.
A professional treatment may be able to remove these stains as the active ingredients used in bleaching procedures are meant to remove deep stains in addition to the surface stains.
Intrinsic stains can be also treated with restorative methods such as bonding or crowning. Bonding applies a tooth-colored composite resin to the surface of your stained teeth and then contours it into the correct shape. Crowning involves placing tooth-colored caps on top of your stained teeth.
Teeth stain removal.
Finally, stains due to age occur because the dentine becomes darker and the enamel thins. Also, in this case, the treatments are at-home bleaching kits, in-office whitening procedures, bonding and crowning.